History


Spas Vatsov—founder and first director (1856-1928)

History in Dates

1860 First instrumental meteorological measurements started at the Austrian Consulate in the city of Ruse;

1870 First hydrological station on the Danube River near Ruse began to work for the purposes of navigation, under Austrian initiative;

1 Feb 1887 The first meteorological station (MS) in Sofia started regular meteorological observations;

20 Feb 1890 MS in Sofia became the Central MS headed by Spas Vatsov (birthday of the Bulgarian Meteorological Service);

1891 Bulgaria attended as a full member the Conference of Directors of Meteorological Services in Munich;

1 Jan 1894 By a decree of the Prince, the Directorate of Meteorology at the Ministry of Enlightenment was established with its first director S. Vatsov. At that time, the country had a network of 24 meteorological stations and 60 precipitation measuring stations;

1920 Organized hydrological observations began in Bulgaria carried out by the Service of Water at the Ministry of Agriculture and State Property;

1934 The Directorate of Meteorology was renamed to Central Meteorological Institute;

1950 Hydrological and meteorological (HM) activities were merged into a single HM service at the Bulgarian Council of Ministers (CM) with its first head academician Lubomir Krastanov, later President of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS);

1954 Research Institute of Hydrology and Meteorology (RIHM) was created to provide scientific background of this important national institution;

1962 Administration of Hydrology and Meteorology (AHM) together with RIHM transferred to BAS. AHM became Main AHM on 07 Jan 1977

2 Nov 1989 HMHM and NIIHM united forming the Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (IMH) with a resolution of the Council of Ministers (CM);

1991 IMH was renamed to National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (NIMH) at BAS again with a resolution from the CM.

NIMH Today

NIMH—successor of the Bulgarian Meteorological Service, authorized to represent the country at the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) with the National Assembly Decree № 348/23.07.1951

NIMH—Official Representative of Bulgaria to the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), The European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT), Operational Programme for the Exchange of weather Radar Information (OPERA) of the Network of European Meteorological Services (EUMETNET), International Hydrological Programme to the UNESCO, the International Programme for the Study of the Danube River, and others.

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